Using MD&A to Improve Earnings Forecasts

Using MD&A to Improve Earnings Forecasts

Khrystyna Bochkay Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey – Rutgers Business School at Newark & New Brunswick

Carolyn B. Levine Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey – Rutgers Business School at Newark & New Brunswick

April 17, 2013

We estimate and compare quantitative and text-enhanced earnings forecasting models to evaluate the extent to which MD&A disclosures improve earnings forecasts. Incorporating MD&A disclosures into forecasting models significantly improves forecasting accuracy. The gains in accuracy are much greater following regulatory reforms, providing some of the first large-sample empirical evidence on the success of recent MD&A regulatory actions. The MD&A section is less informative between 2007-2009, particularly for those firms hardest hit by the financial crisis (i.e., firms with low cash and large changes in performance). Further, we find that text improves forecast accuracy most for firms in the consumer staples sector, firms with low profit margins, large changes in performance, high political and/or legal costs and high complexity. Last, we find that models enhanced by MD&A disclosures are generally less accurate than analysts’ consensus forecasts for large and medium sized firms, but equally accurate for small firms.

About bambooinnovator
Kee Koon Boon (“KB”) is the co-founder and director of HERO Investment Management which provides specialized fund management and investment advisory services to the ARCHEA Asia HERO Innovators Fund (, the only Asian SMID-cap tech-focused fund in the industry. KB is an internationally featured investor rooted in the principles of value investing for over a decade as a fund manager and analyst in the Asian capital markets who started his career at a boutique hedge fund in Singapore where he was with the firm since 2002 and was also part of the core investment committee in significantly outperforming the index in the 10-year-plus-old flagship Asian fund. He was also the portfolio manager for Asia-Pacific equities at Korea’s largest mutual fund company. Prior to setting up the H.E.R.O. Innovators Fund, KB was the Chief Investment Officer & CEO of a Singapore Registered Fund Management Company (RFMC) where he is responsible for listed Asian equity investments. KB had taught accounting at the Singapore Management University (SMU) as a faculty member and also pioneered the 15-week course on Accounting Fraud in Asia as an official module at SMU. KB remains grateful and honored to be invited by Singapore’s financial regulator Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS) to present to their top management team about implementing a world’s first fact-based forward-looking fraud detection framework to bring about benefits for the capital markets in Singapore and for the public and investment community. KB also served the community in sharing his insights in writing articles about value investing and corporate governance in the media that include Business Times, Straits Times, Jakarta Post, Manual of Ideas, Investopedia, TedXWallStreet. He had also presented in top investment, banking and finance conferences in America, Italy, Sydney, Cape Town, HK, China. He has trained CEOs, entrepreneurs, CFOs, management executives in business strategy & business model innovation in Singapore, HK and China.

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