The CITIC Wind in the Chinese Tower – Brief Thoughts on Adapting the New Revenue Recognition Standard IFRS 15 in Asia


“Bamboo Innovators bend, not break, even in the most terrifying storm that would snap the mighty resisting oak tree. It survives, therefore it conquers.”

Bamboo Innovator Insight (Issue 36)

Dear Friends and All,


The CITIC Wind in the Chinese Tower – Brief Thoughts on Adapting the New Revenue Recognition Standard IFRS 15 in Asia



“Wind in the Tower warns of Storms in the Mountains.”

– Tang dynasty poem by Xu Han, meaning coming troubles cast their shadows before them


400 of China’s brightest political minds were vigorously debating the nation’s future in smoke-clouded halls at a strategy meeting in a Beijing hotel. This was April 1989, a decade of economic transformation after paramount leader Deng Xiaoping opened up China to the outside world for business in 1978, two years after Mao Zedong’s death, when GDP per person was $165. Days later, protests erupted in Tiananmen Square – and escalated. A crackdown was ordered and tanks rolled into the Tiananmen Square on June 4, transforming the lives of the elites at the meeting and the millions more.


“Big Cannon” General Wang Zhen, one of the only two Chinese commanders authorized to carry guns when visiting Mao because he saved Mao’s army from starvation, was one of the “Eight Immortals” Party elders who led the Tiananmen charge. His son Wang Jun is now behind two of China’s biggest state-owned empires – CITIC Group and China Poly Group. Three children of the Eight Immortals – Wang Jun; Deng’s son-in-law, He Ping; and Chen Yun’s son Chen Yuan – headed or still run state-owned companies with combined assets of about $1.6 trillion in 2011, equivalent to more than a fifth of China’s annual economic output, according to Bloomberg findings. For backing his visionary economic reform in 1978, Deng gave his blessings to Chen Yun, the architect of China’s planned economy, who wanted to keep control of the state in the hands of Party veterans and their families because they were considered more trustworthy to run the new state conglomerates. This trust intensified after the Tiananmen incident as Deng and elders entrusted key assets of the state to their supporters and their descendants.


CITIC Pacific Vs Hang Seng Index and S&P500 – Stock Price Performance, 1986-2014


CITIC Group, China’s largest state-owned conglomerate by revenue, made news in March on plans to list in HK by reversing into its HK-listed unit CITIC Pacific (267 HK, MV $7.9bn) in a parent-to-child asset injection transaction worth $36bn, the biggest-ever public market asset transfer in Chinese history. Rather than relinquishing control, in the short term CITIC Group could raise its stake in CITIC Pacific from 57.5% to close to 90%. Sovereign wealth funds China Investment Corp and Singapore’s Temasek Holdings are said to be approached about buying into the offering.However, an alarming piece of news broke out in mid-May that cast a shadow on the back-door listing deal that the market loved. CITIC had invested more than $50bn in shadow banking products over the past three years. Its “maximum loss exposure” to wealth management products (WMPs) and other non-standard higher-yielding investments reached RMB322bn ($52bn) at the end of 2013, 36 times higher than its 2011 exposure of RMB9bn. CITIC Group is also an active conduit for the sale of WMPs and other non-standard credit instruments, selling RMB976bn on behalf of third-party issuers last year. China’s largest bank ICBC had sold RMB1.1tr. To understand the potential implications of the CITIC deal, perhaps we need to go back to the winds of history that were howling around Tiananmen and CITIC…


<Article snipped>


One of the critical accounting insights of the GITIC failure was…


<Article snipped>


Will the new revenue recognition standard be useful to gain insight into truthful top lines of Asian enterprises? After more than a decade of deliberation and effort, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) and the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) have released their long-awaited converged standard on revenue recognition last week. Coming into effect in January 2017, IFRS 15 will require companies to use a new five-step model to recognize revenue that shows…


<Article snipped>


To read the exclusive article in full to find out more about the story of CITIC, GITIC and the accounting insights, as well as the implications of the new revenue recognition standard IFRS 15 in Asia for value investors; please visit:


  • The CITIC Wind in the Chinese Tower – Brief Thoughts on Adapting the New Revenue Recognition Standard IFRS 15 in Asia, Jun 2, 2014 (Moat Report AsiaBeyondProxy)


Value Unplugged 2014 and Value Investing Seminar in July in Italy

Value Unplugged 2014 ( in Naples, Italy is now full. We’ll gather in a small, relaxed setting to learn and make friends. We’ll also attend Ciccio Azzollini’s sold-out Value Investing Seminar in July in Trani, Italy — the definitive summer conference for value investors – as one of the keynote speakers.

The Moat Report Asia

“In business, I look for economic castles protected by unbreachable ‘moats’.”

– Warren Buffett


The Moat Report Asia is a research service focused exclusively on competitively advantaged, attractively priced public companies in Asia. Together with our European partners BeyondProxy and The Manual of Ideas, the idea-oriented acclaimed monthly research publication for institutional and private investors, we scour Asia to produce The Moat Report Asia, a monthly in-depth presentation report highlighting an undervalued wide-moat business in Asia with an innovative and resilient business model to compound value in uncertain times. Our Members from North America, the Nordic, Europe, the Oceania and Asia include professional value investors with over $20 billion in asset under management in equities and savvy private individual investors who are lifelong learners in the art of value investing.


Learn more about membership benefits here:


  • Individual subscription at $1,994 per year:


Our latest monthly issue for the month of June investigates the world’s #1 ODM (Original Design Manufacturer) and global #5 manufacturer of a consumer healthcare device product that is used frequently, even daily, thus providing the foundation for stable recurring cashflow. This company is also a hidden champion in a niche product segment (50-55% of group’s sales) that has become a high-growth fashion product currently accounting for less than 10% of the overall industry. The company is able to mass-manufacture this niche product, but not the giants, because of its unique process IP in flexible manufacturing system and know-how to handle large-scale complex orders. The manufacture of this product itself is difficult to replicate and requires FDA/CE licenses because of its medical device nature and the entry barrier is not capital but the know-how and R&D expertise. In particular, the manufacturing integrates different fields of science including polymer chemistry, physics, optics, engineering, materials control, process control, microbiology, and, injection molding. The firm has also developed a proprietary system of tracking the manufacturing process of different sets of product so that if a quality issue arose, when and where the problem set of products was being produced could be swiftly identified, thus diminishing the scale and cost of product recall. This system has helped the firm win the long-term trust of its ODM customers to place stable large orders. The Big Four giants do not have such a system and have to incur substantial losses from product recalls.The company also possess its own brand which has many loyal followers and support in its home market where it enjoys a 30% market share and contributes to 25% of group’s sales while sticky ODM customers account for 75% of group’s sales, mainly from the Japan market. As a result of its wide-moat advantages, the firm enjoys a consistently high ROE of 41%, double or triple that of the giants. From FY07 onwards, even during the depths of the Global Financial Crisis in 2007/09, the firm has not raised equity. Since listing in Mar 2004, the company has only done one rights issue in May 2005. Also, it is able to sustain a strong stable cash dividend payout (>70% with 3% yield) with its healthy net-cash balance sheet (net cash $30m; net cash-to-equity ratio 23%) and proven management execution in prudent capex expansion to support sustainable quality earnings growth. M&A deals in the healthcare and medical device sector has been growing due to their strong defensive nature and giants seeking growth to overcome their own patent cliff. The firm will always be an attractive takeover target by giants who wish to swallow it up to possess its valuable flexible manufacturing system and know-how to fill their own missing competency gap and hence will enjoy long-term downside protection in its terminal value. In the battle between “ODM vs Brand”, we find the story of the company to be quite similar to that of TSMC (2330 TT, MV $103bn), now the largest ODM foundry in the world. “Skate to where the puck is going to be, not where it has been,” as hockey legend Wayne Gretzky advised. In our view, the profit and valuation premium in the value chain will start to skate to the “Inno-facturers” who are the hidden ODM innovators (the brand behind brands) consolidating the industry, such as TSMC and this company. While its valuation is not cheap with EV/EBIT (FY13) at 20.6x, when we compare EV/EBIT relative to ROE, the company is relatively cheap, by as much as 130-220% when compared to giants and other comparables. When we compare EV/EBITDA relative to ROE, the valuation gap is 90-160%. This long-term valuation gap implies that the company, with its far superior and sustainable ROE, could potentially double to $2.4bn, as it continues to consolidate its niche product segment and enter into a new product cycle of an innovative product whose patents are expiring in 2014/15 (US/worldwide) to make ASP/margin improvements in sustaining quality profits and cashflow. Its share price has dropped 18% from its recent high and underperformed the index by 26% in the last six months. This will present a buying opportunity for long-term value investors who can penetrate beyond conventional valuation metrics because of a deep understanding of its business model and underlying source of its wide-moat advantages. In Asia, many firms break apart or become value traps due to shareholder conflict, envy and differences in opinion on the business direction of the company. The stable long-term corporate culture infused by the late founder, who established the company in 1986 with the current executive chairman and 2 other key shareholders, to combine the energy and ideas of everyone to work hard to keep the business running forever is underappreciated.


Our past monthly issues examine:


  • The Home Depot of Asia which has the largest market share in its home country and now seeks to expand regionally. It is one of the few home improvement retailers in the world which is able to achieve a structural negative cash conversion cycle (CCC) at -39 days for resilient, recurring and sustainable operating cashflow to enable the expansion of its store network while keeping a healthy balance sheet. It is hard to achieve negative cash conversion cycle (CCC) as a home retailer as compared to a supermarket retailer as the product nature is more durable. Even Home Depot, Lowe’s and Bed Bath & Beyond (BBBY) are not able to achieve a negative CCC. Led by the capable owner-operators since 1995, the company is a pioneer in proactively creating awareness and demand in the minds of consumers that upgrading your home can be fun and in incremental affordable steps. Its creative branding has resulted in the firm to become the “first on customers’ mind”, or what Charlie Munger elucidated as the “psychological wide-moat” advantage. 80% of sales are generated customers looking for home improvement and renovation ideas and solutions.  Growth is supported by the management’s proven ability to identify and cater to dynamic changes in customer preferences. The firm’s comprehensive pre and aftersales service creates brand loyalty and sustains long-term sales. The merchandizing management is tailored to the peculiarities of customer preferences in each area to drive same store sales growth with creative customization by store, location, season and events. Its key strategy to expand its profit margin is to increase its higher-margin house brands and product-mix management. Its EBITDA/sqm of $400/sqm was higher than Home Depot until Home Depot experienced a rebound last year to $500/sqm. The firm’s resilient sales are supported by its unrivalled network of diverse locations throughout the country. Its bold vision and successful “Blue Ocean” execution in the highly fragmented second-tier markets has created a powerful wide-moat advantage that will last for many years to come. In short, the management have proven their ability to execute in difficult market and industry conditions especially in the past 5 to 7 years during the 2007/09 global financial crisis with the firm emerging much stronger. The Illinois Institute of Technology engineering graduate and quiet billionaire owner behind the home retailer is one of the few Asian business tycoons who has the thirst to scale up the business in a sustainable way, as opposed to opportunistic ventures, having been largely influenced by his early years experience observing the success of American wide-moat firms. If we can adjust the EV/EBITDA valuation metric to reflect the CCC, the company’s EV/EBITDA of 18.5x will be lower at 10-11x, while Home Depot’s EV/EBITDA 11x will be higher at 13x. Noteworthy is that Home Depot has a negative free cashflow throughout FY1989-2001 (13 consecutive years!) and yet market cap has climbed from $1.5bn to $103bn. Home Depot compounded despite the ugly valuations during the capex ramp-up. This once again highlights that the power of wide-moat is often underappreciated, misunderstood and overlooked. When Home Depot generated $180m in operating cashflow in FY1992, quite similar to this Asian firm now, Home Depot is valued at $5bn (vs $3bn). Store network is expected to double in the next 4-5 years, representing a potential doubling in market value.
  • The Northeast Asian-listed company who is the world’s largest maker of an essential component with applications in apparel, shoes, diapers, car seats etc. All top 20 global athletic shoe brands, including Nike, Adidas, Reebok, Sketchers, UnderArmor are customers and this Asian innovator with R&D capabilities has forged long-term “spec-in” partnerships with them. Its broad product offering is protected by over 110 patents. By locating its Pan-Asian production plant network in China, Taiwan, Vietnam and Indonesia close to its major clients, including sales/customer service centers and warehouses in US and Europe, the firm is better positioned to understand their requirements, deliver fast and meet their needs. While top 10 athletic shoe brands account 40% of its revenue, the firm has a diversified clientele base of over 10,000 customers, giving it resilience and growth with both the established and emerging brands as clients. The company is trading at PE14e 12x, EV/EBITDA 7.1x and EV/EBIT 10.6x with a dividend yield of 3.9%. Interestingly, its EBITDA margin is double that of Adidas and its 8.7% net margin is higher than Adidas’ 5.4%, though below Nike’s 9.8%. Given the tipping point of its Pan-Asian production network and contributions from its new products and as capex tapers off in the next few years, free cashflow could be around $50-60m and applying a P/FCF of 15x would yield a market value of $750-900m,, representing apotential upside of 100-150%. Thus, the firm offers a similar quality growth trajectory to Nike/Adidas with its unique knowledge-based business model and yet trades at a more attractive valuation and higher dividend yield as downside protection.
  • The Middleby of Asia commanding a dominant market share of over 80% in hypermarkets, 50% in chain outlets, 30% in 4- to 5-star hotels in China and an overall 30% in its home market. Yet, no single customer accounts for more than 5% of its revenue. Just to recall for value investors, NYSE-listed Middleby, with its sleepy and boring business, has compounded 100-fold from around $50m to $5.7bn since its tipping point in 1999. The founders of this Asian family business demonstrated clear dedication in building up the company with its wide-moat business model backed by a strong and unique distribution/marketing network in finding, winning and binding new customers to build massive brand equity and long-lasting relationships with clients over time. Their devotion to its core product for nearly 20 years results in maximum problem-solving skills, innovative strength and product leadership and hence, to ever greater customer benefit that will protect the company to consolidate the fragmented market and provide ample opportunities to continue its profitable growth. The company is currently trading at PE13e 15.8x and an undemanding EV/EBIT 10.1x and EV/EBITDA 9.5x and its growth potential based on its unique business model is not priced in. There is a structural re-rerating of niche business models with (1) diversified client base, (2) steady revenue streams, (3) lean capex requirements that creates ample free cashflow and defensive growth. Based on PE, P/CFO and EV/EBIT, the company is trading at a 40-50% discount to the foreign listed comparables despite more efficient use of assets in generating profits and cashflow. It has an attractive 7% earnings yield growing at 20% over the next 3-5 years and a 3.8% dividend yield that is supported by its strong cashflow generation ability, steady revenue stream and lean capex requirements to limit downside risks in valuation. Based on the growth plans to penetrate new product and customer segments; build its third plant in India in addition to the ones in its home market and in China; and potential bolt-on acquisition opportunities with its healthy balance sheet in net-cash position, it has the potential to double its operating cashflow in the next 3-5 years and market value could double, representing an upside potential of 100-140%.
  • An emerging Asian Walgreens which is a top 3 community pharmacy operator in its home market. Walgreens is a classic neglected American compounder up over 272-fold to $54 billion from under $200m as it quietly consolidates the market. Over the decade, we observed that it is difficult to scale services-based businesses without an entrepreneurial mindset, committment and execution and the bold and unique management system of the company since 2000 allowed the pharmacists to be part-owner of the business which will lead to increased level of commitment and an owner’s mindset in growing the business for the long-term in the community. The firm has strong cash generation ability due to its negative cash conversion cycle (CCC) in the business model to help the business stay resilient during difficult times and to fund capex needs internally without straining the business model scalability as the network expands. The centralized logistics system provide regular deliveries to all of its community pharmacies enables the outlets to maximize retail space without the need to have space to keep stocks. This also enables the community pharmacies to optimize retail space to carry a wide range of products which is important as consumers increasingly have top-of-mind recall for the company as the destination to go to for their healthcare needs. Like Walgreens, the company believed in the power of embedding technology into the business model to better compete and its financial and warehousing/inventory management systems are integrated with its in-house POS (point-of-sale) system which is linked among all its community pharmacies and head office via virtual private network. The company is founded by five college friends who were somewhat frustrated that their pharmacy degrees were underappreciated and under-rewarded as compared to their medical degree counterparts even though they had studied hard for 4-5 years and had in-depth medical knowledge. They were eager to prove themselves that they are as capable, if not more so. This restless spirit to prove their capabilities resulted in them coming together to be entrepreneurs and they wish to provide the platform for similar restless pharmacists to apply their hard-earned knowledge acquired in the university. We find that this common purpose and camaraderie spirit is rare in Asian companies and makes the company unique to scale up sustainably. The company is currently trading at a EV/EBIT of 13.9x and EB/EBITDA 12.6%. In the next two to three years as the company expands its network of outlets, operating cashflow (CFO) could increase 50-60% and a re-rerating could result in a doubling in market value.
  • An Asian-listed pharmaceutical company which has a dominant franchise in a neglected but growing disease and is a leader with a domestic market share of 49% in this niche segment and is the only fully-integrated player amongst the few pre-qualified WHO firms, giving it >30% EBITDA margin, better pricing power compared to the competition, and significant advantage over other players in ramping up the global business from the current 30% market share in the most-common treatment drug (vs Novartis 50%). Furthermore, the pharma company has the second-highest GP/TA (gross profit/ total asset) ratio in the industry at 56.3% and the most conservative accounting practice in the industry which “depresses” earnings relative to its peers i.e. it is the only domestic firm which expenses, and does not capitalize, all R&D. With the new plant for formulations export to US, the deepening of the niche drug franchise, growing wins in chronic pain and other niche areas and the commercialization of the potential blockbuster product of blood thinner by FY16/17, EBITDA could potentially double to $200m in the next 4-5 years, triggering a valuation re-rating to a market value of $3.4bn, a 130% upside.
  • An Australian-listed company with market value $405m, EV/EBITDA 7.5x, EV/EBIT 10x, div 3%, 70% domestic market share whose management made the controversial bold decision to stop overseas exports in order to focus on cultivating the higher-margin domestic market with innovative marketing strategy and new products and is potentially doubling its supply in the next 3-5 years. It is in its 10th year of listing after piling the foundation in consolidation, investment, rationalization for its next stage. It has an all-time low debt-equity position 18.6% with healthy balance sheet. “Buffett of Nordic” recently increased position between Apr-Sep this year in the peer comparable of the company and the billionaire investor announced in Nov an acquisition of a rival in a wave of global consolidation and with the view on a sustained recovery in product prices.
  • Northeast Asia-listed company with global #1 market share leadership in 4 different products, including making the components for an innovative consumer product whose sales have climbed from $90 million to $526 million in the recent three years. The company is a hidden global consolidator with underappreciated growth. The stock is trading at PE 11.5x, EV/EBITDA 9x and generates a sustainable dividend yield 5.75%.
  • Taiwan and Southeast-Asian-listed entrepreneurial company, both with a dominant 80% domestic market share and have innovative business models to generate substantial cashflow to support both expansion and a 4-5% dividend yield.
  • There is also a behind-the-scene conversation with the CEOs of the companies to understand their thinking process in building up the business.


The Moat Report Asia Members’ Forum has been getting penetrating quality dialogues from our subscribers.Questions range from:


  • The nuances of internal dealings in Asia, including the case discussion of the recent deal in which HK billionaire’s Lee Shau-kee Henderson Land acquiring Towngas or Hong Kong & China Gas (3 HK) from his family holdings, seemingly déjà vu from the early Oct 2007 transaction when the market peak.
  • The case of F&N Singapore spinning out its property unit FCL Trust and getting “free” special dividend-in-specie and the potential risk in asset swap restructuring to deleverage the hidden debt in the entire Group balance sheet.
  • The dilemma of whether to invest in a Southeast Asian-listed company and hidden champion with a domestic market share of 60% due to family squabbles and a legal suit over the company’s ownership.
  • Discussion of the wise and thoughtful 107-year-old Irving Kahn’s investment into a US-listed but Hong Kong-based electronics company with development property project in Shenzhen’s Qianhai zone and the possible corporate governance risks that could be underestimated or overlooked, as well as their history of listing some assets in HK in 2004.. This is also a case study of “buy one get one free” in John’s highly-acclaimed book The Manual of Ideas in which the “free” property is lumped together with the (eroding) core business to make the combined entity look cheap and undervalued. What are the potential areas that value investors need to watch out for when adapting the SOTP (sum-of-the-parts) valuation method in Asia?
  • And many more intriguing questions.


Do find out more in how you can benefit from authentic and candid on-the-ground insights that sell-side analysts and brokers, with their inherent conflict-of-interests, inevitable focus on conventional stock coverage and different clientele priorities, are unwilling or unable to share. Think of this as pressing the Bloomberg “Help Help” button to navigate the Asian capital jungle. Institutional subscribers also get access to the Bamboo Innovator Index of 200+ companies and Watchlist of 500+ companies in Asia and the Database has eliminated companies with a higher probability of accounting frauds and  misgovernance as well as the alluring value traps.


Professional Development Workshops for Executives and Lifelong Learners

Our 7th run of the series of workshop From the Fund Management Jungles: Value Investing Exposed and Explored – (Part 1) Moat Analysis, (Part 2) Tipping Point Analysis and (Part 3) Detecting Accounting Fraud – on 8 Mar 2014 has been well-received with serious value investors, professionals, and serious lifelong learners attending.


Our 8th workshop on Tipping Point Analysis will be held in June 14; we are taking a short break as our business partner Linda is delivering her new baby!


Thank you for your support all this while!



Thank you so much for reading as always.


Warm regards,

KB Kee

Managing Editor


The Moat Report Asia


Mobile: +65 9695 1860


A Service of BeyondProxy LLC

1608 S. Ashland Avenue #27878

Chicago, Illinois 60608-2013

Other offices: London, Singapore, Zurich



P.S.1 Here is a little more about my background:

KB Kee has been rooted in the principles of value investing for over a decade as an analyst in Asian capital markets. He was head of research and fund manager at Aegis Portfolio Managers, a Singapore-based value investment firm. As a member of Aegis’ investment committee, he helped the firm’s Asia-focused equity funds significantly outperform the benchmark index. He was previously the portfolio manager for Asia-Pacific equities at Mirae Asset Global Investments, Korea’s largest mutual fund company. He holds a Masters in Finance and degrees in Accountancy and Business Management, summa cum laude, from Singapore Management University (SMU). KB had taught accounting at his alma mater in Singapore Management University and had also published an empirical research paper Why ‘Democracy’ and ‘Drifter’ Firms Can Have Abnormal Returns: The Joint Importance of Corporate Governance and Abnormal Accruals in Separating Winners from Losers in the Special Issue of Istanbul Stock Exchange 25thYear Anniversary Best Paper Competition, Boğaziçi JournalReview of Social, Economic and Administrative Studies, Vol. 25(1): 3-55. KB has trained CEOs, entrepreneurs, CFOs, management executives in business strategy, macroeconomic and industry trends in Singapore, HK and China.


P.S.2  Why do I care so much about doing The Moat Report Asia for you?

My personal motivation in embarking on this lifelong journey has been driven by disappointment from observing up close and personal the hard-earned assets of many investors, including friends and their families, burnt badly by the popular mantra: “Ride the Asian Growth Story!” I witnessed firsthand the emotional upheavals that they go through when they invest their hard-earned money – and their family’s – in these “Ride The Asian Growth Story” stocks either by themselves or through money managers, and these stocks turned out to be the subject of some exciting “theme” but which are inherently sick and prey to economic vicissitudes. They may seem to grow faster initially but the sustainable harvest of their returns is far too uncertain to be the focus of a wise program in investment. Worse still, the companies turned out to be involved in accounting frauds. Their financial numbers were “propped up” artificially to lure in funds from investors and the studiously-assessed asset value has already been “tunnelled out” or expropriated. And western-based fraud detection tools and techniques have not been adapted to the Asian context to avoid these traps.


After a decade-plus journey in the Asian capital jungles, it has been somewhat disheartening as I observe many fraud perpetrators go away scot-free and live a life of super luxury on minority investors’ hard-earned money. And these perpetrators make tempting offers to various parties in the financial community to go along with their schemes. When investors have knowledge in their hands, we have a choice to stay away from these people and away from temptations and do the things that we think are right. With knowledge, we have a choice to invest in the hardworking Asian entrepreneurs and capital allocators who are serious in building a wide-moat business.



The Moat Report Asia
A Service of BeyondProxy LLC
1608 S. Ashland Avenue #27878
Chicago, Illinois 60608-2013

Other offices: London, Singapore, Zurich


Read Tim Cook’s Internal Memo About The Beats Deal And Apple’s History In Music

Read Tim Cook’s Internal Memo About The Beats Deal And Apple’s History In Music

KARYNE LEVY TECH  MAY. 29, 2014, 5:36 AM

Apple confirmed today that it is buying Beats Electronics and Beats Music in a $3 billion deal. In an internal memo to employees, Tim Cook explains why the acquisition is important.

The memo, obtained by 9to5Mac, details Apple’s history of focusing on music:

Apple’s history in music began with selling Macs to musicians. That remains important to us today, but we also bring music to hundreds of millions of customers with iTunes, which is at the forefront of the digital music revolution. Music holds a special place in our hearts at Apple, and we know that we can make an even bigger contribution to something that is so important to our society. That’s why we have kept investing in music and why we’re bringing together these extraordinary teams — so we can continue to create the most innovative music products and services in the world.

Beats co-founders and music industry pioneers Jimmy Iovine and Dr. Dre will join Apple, along with their team of employees. Jimmy has been on the cutting edge of innovation in the music industry for decades, including as a key partner for Apple in the launch of the iTunes Music Store more than ten years ago. He has produced or collaborated with some of the most popular artists in history, and been an important contributor to the success of the iTunes Store.

The deal has been at the forefront of the rumor mill for weeks, with people speculating that the real reason for the deal wasn’t for the technology, but, in fact, for the talent.

The memo goes on: Read more of this post

Mercedes allows Chinese to peek under hood in Asia growth push

Mercedes allows Chinese to peek under hood in Asia growth push

Wed, May 28 2014

By Edward Taylor

FRANKFURT (Reuters) – Battling to catch up with German rivals in China, luxury carmaker Daimler is shifting gears, giving local authorities unprecedented access to new Mercedes models and even tailoring engines destined for its home market to Chinese regulations.

For years, Daimler has lagged Audi (VOWG_p.DE: QuoteProfileResearchStock Buzz) and BMW (BMWG.DE: QuoteProfile,ResearchStock Buzz) in the world’s biggest car market. Last year, Mercedes-Benz, the company’s premier luxury brand, sold 228,000 cars there, compared to nearly 492,000 for Audi and over 362,000 for BMW.

The reasons for this are varied.

For years, Daimler harbored doubts over the sustainability of growth in China. German labor union resistance to shifting production out of Daimler’s main factory in Sindelfingen also played a role. Read more of this post

Behind Germany’s Success Story in Manufacturing; Public-Private Research Institutes Drive Exports of High-Tech Manufactured Goods-and Are Model for New U.S. Initiative

Behind Germany’s Success Story in Manufacturing

Public-Private Research Institutes Drive Exports of High-Tech Manufactured Goods—and Are Model for New U.S. Initiative


June 1, 2014 4:48 p.m. ET

As the Obama administration tries to move toward greater government-industry collaboration on high-tech manufacturing, Germany is showing what that approach can accomplish.


President Barack Obama has requested $1 billion from Congress to help fund a nationwide network of research institutes—the National Network for Manufacturing Innovation—that would work with companies and universities to develop manufacturing technology. The plan envisions at least 15 such institutes, funded by government and private-sector money. So far, four have been announced or set up, including one in Youngstown, Ohio, focused on 3-D printing.

One model for the Obama plan is the Fraunhofer Society, a network of government-backed research institutes that has helped make Germany one of the leading exporters of high-tech manufactured goods, despite the country’s relatively high wages and high levels of regulation.

“As one of the biggest and oldest innovation networks for advanced manufacturing, Fraunhofer was a key starting point when we began designing the NNMI,” says Mike Molnar, director of the U.S. program. Read more of this post

Why U.S. Manufacturing Is Poised for a Comeback (Maybe)

Why U.S. Manufacturing Is Poised for a Comeback (Maybe)

Some Say a Renaissance Is Already Under Way. Here’s the Case They Make—and the Skeptics’ Response


Updated June 1, 2014 4:49 p.m. ET

Manufacturing in the U.S. is starting to make a comeback, and is poised for even bigger gains in the years ahead.

That, at least, is the way the optimists see it.

Driven partly by more competitive labor and energy costs and companies’ desire to produce goods closer to their customers, the number of factory jobs has started to rise after plunging for decades, edging up by about 600,000 over the past four years to more than 12 million. Some U.S. companies are bringing jobs back home, and foreign businesses are setting up shop. Newspapers are trumpeting investments in American production, and advertisements—such as the nostalgia-drenched Chrysler TV ad shown during the Super Bowl and featuring Bob Dylan —celebrate a resurgent U.S. manufacturing sector.

“The economics of the world are changing in favor of U.S. manufacturing,” says Hal Sirkin, a Chicago-based senior partner of Boston Consulting Group.

That’s the case made by the bulls, but plenty of skeptics argue that there are lots of reasons to doubt it. For all the positive trends and statistics, they cite numbers pointing the other way. And, the skeptics argue, the U.S. government needs to overhaul its policies and industry must invest more heavily before any real change can happen.

With that in mind, here are four reasons to bet on U.S. factories—and four reasons to be cautious.

THE OPTIMISTS’ CASE, PART 1: U.S. Costs Are Getting More Competitive.

While wages soar at double-digit rates in China and some other emerging countries, they have stayed roughly level in the U.S. in recent years, narrowing the gap between America and Asia. Boston Consulting Group estimates that China’s overall manufacturing-cost advantage has shrunk to just 4%. When wages are adjusted for productivity and the costs of shipping and inventories are included, it can be more economical to make some products in the U.S. than in Asia. Read more of this post

China’s food-safety regulators pulled production permits from more than a third of the country’s infant-formula makers, pushing for consolidation and greater control in an industry that has suffered quality scandals

China Pulls Permits From Some Infant-Formula Makers

Food-Safety Push Aims to Bolster Local Producers in Market Led by Imported Brands


May 30, 2014 7:17 a.m. ET

BEIJING—China’s food-safety regulators pulled production permits from more than a third of the country’s infant-formula makers, pushing for consolidation and greater control in an industry that has suffered quality scandals.

The China Food and Drug Administration said on Friday that it granted production permits to 82 companies out of 133 that had applied, as it wound down a six-month review that officially ends on Saturday. Read more of this post

Apple’s Latest iBeacon Offering Explores the Great Indoors

Apple’s Latest Offering Explores the Great Indoors

Tech Giant Will Provide iBeacon Plans at San Francisco Developers Conference


June 1, 2014 4:44 p.m. ET

Apple Inc. AAPL -0.37% ‘s latest product to carry the “i” prefix—following theiPhone and iPad—promises to do for indoor spaces what GPS did for the outdoors.

Apple’s iBeacon allows apps to locate a user within a few inches, so that a phone can direct a driver to the nearest open spot in a parking garage or the shortest hot-dog line in a crowded stadium. It allows restaurant diners to pay the check and leave without a waiter’s assistance or museum-goers to learn about exhibits by walking past. Soon, it might make shopping-mall maps unnecessary. Read more of this post

Advice to Microsoft’s Satya Nadella: Be More Brave

Advice to Microsoft’s Satya Nadella: Be More Brave

Tech Columnist Christopher Mims Suggests Five Moves for New CEO


Updated June 1, 2014 9:55 p.m. ET

Dear Satya,

We haven’t met, but I’m a fan of yours. I don’t want to throw shade on your predecessor, Steve Ballmer —your first, record quarter at the company was arguably his doing—but it’s obvious you were the right person to succeed him. He was a salesman; you’re an engineer. And MicrosoftMSFT +1.49% land of hard-core technologists, is at its best when it’s led by one of its own.

But I’m worried about your company. Yeah, right now you’re making money hand over fist. But so did BlackBerry BB.T -1.55% as recently as the end of 2010. Then, well, we all know what happened. Read more of this post

Investors Rewarded for Trek Into Little Known Markets

Jun 1, 2014

Investors Rewarded for Trek Into Little Known Markets


Investors who ventured into frontier markets—the smaller, lesser-known cousins of emerging markets—have been rewarded with impressive equity returns over the past 18 months.

While the MSCI Emerging Markets Index has been essentially flat since the start of 2013, the MSCI Frontier Markets Index has shot up by more than 50%. Developed markets grew strongly too, but the 32% surge in the MSCI World Index was still dwarfed by frontier markets’ growth. Read more of this post

Apple Is Set to Make a Bigger Push Into Monitoring Health and Home

Apple Is Set to Make a Bigger Push Into Monitoring Health and Home


SAN FRANCISCO — Apple is unlikely to introduce new devices this week, the things that most excite customers and investors these days. But the company is expected to dive deeper into two new areas: connected health and the so-called smart home.

Along with operating system updates for mobile and desktop machines, Apple plans to introducex a new health-tracking app at its annual developers’ conference on Monday, according to a person briefed on the product, who spoke on the condition of anonymity because the plans were confidential. The app for mobile devices will track statistics for health or fitness, like a user’s footsteps, heart rate and sleep activity. Read more of this post

Carry trade, politics boost emerging market equities

Carry trade, politics boost emerging market equities

Fri, May 30 2014

By Daniel Bases

NEW YORK (Reuters) – Emerging market equities in the second quarter have undergone a rebirth of sorts, rebounding from severe underperformance over the prior 12 months to flirt with the best levels in a year, but analysts say warning signs are flashing.

Major emerging markets like Brazil and India have benefited from cheap borrowing in U.S. dollars and hopes that elections will translate into economic reforms. Valuations in these markets are also historically cheap. Read more of this post

U.S. bond market faces possible reckoning

U.S. bond market faces possible reckoning

Fri, May 30 2014

By Caroline Valetkevitch

NEW YORK (Reuters) – The rally in U.S. Treasury bonds surprised many, taking 10-year yields to their lowest levels in 11 months. Jobs data and the European Central Bank meeting next week will determine whether bond prices have further to go.

The bond market’s rally is the result of a confluence of factors – falling yields in Europe, extra demand from pension funds, concerns among investors about long-term economic demand and technical factors, including short-covering from those who thought bond yields were headed higher. Read more of this post

Modi does not want to be part of school syllabus; Modi has opposed a proposed move by some states ruled by his BJP to include a chapter on his life and struggles in school textbooks

Modi does not want to be part of school syllabus

Monday, June 2, 2014 – 09:37

Ng Si Hooi

G. Surach and A. Raman

The Star/Asia News Network

India’s newly elected Prime Minister Narendra Modi has opposed a proposed move by some states ruled by his Bharatiya Janata Party to include a chapter on his life and struggles in school textbooks.

The leader, reported Makkal Osai, firmly believed that the life stories of living individuals should not be included in the school syllabus. Read more of this post

S. Korea’s top 10% income share hits 45% of total: research

S. Korea’s top 10% income share hits 45% of total: research

Noh Young-woo, Shin Hyun-gyu


2014.06.01 19:42:50

South Korea’s income inequality is similar to that of the US, according to recent research, which came after the book “Capital in the Twenty-First Century,” written by professor Thomas Piketty at the Paris School of Economics, caused global ramifications.
Korea’s top 10 percent took up 45.51 percent of total income as of 2012, according to professor of economics Kim Nak-nyun at Dongguk University, who released the analysis of the top 10 percent’s income shares in major five countries Sunday as requested by the Maeil Business Newspaper. This is merely two percentage points lower than 48 percent of the US.  Read more of this post

Heavily-indebted Korean public firms pay over 9 tln won in interest

Updated : 2014-06-02 11:24

Heavily-indebted public firms pay over 9 tln won in interest

Public companies under close government monitoring for their debtproblems spent more than 9 trillion won (US$8.8 billion) last year inpaying for interest on their borrowing, a government report showedMonday.
The government has been closely monitoring 18 public companies,including housing developer LH Corp. , the power company KoreaElectric Power Corp. (KEPCO) and their power generating subsidiaries,which are struggling in the face of rising debt.
This is part of the government’s ongoing “normalization” efforts for thepublic sector, which is often criticized for lax management and pesteringdebt problems.  Read more of this post

Lord Bilimoria, founder of the Cobra Beer company, has an innovative idea on how to create jobs – and he should know: his firm is growing

Beer emperor’s plan to boost small firms is more than just froth

Lord Bilimoria, founder of the Cobra Beer company, has an innovative idea on how to create jobs – and he should know: his firm is growing

Lord Bilimoria learnt how to recover from failure when his own company nearly collapsed five years ago, with reported debts of £70m

By Andrew Cave


8:30PM BST 01 Jun 2014

Help for small businesses, better access to bank funding and immigration will feature high on the political agenda ahead of the Queen’s Speech this week. Lord Bilimoria of Chelsea has strong views on all three. Read more of this post

Almost all Spanish stock market firms use tax havens, report finds; Between them, 33 of the 35 companies listed on Spain’s IBEX exchange had 449 subsidiaries in 17 tax havens in 2012

Almost all Spanish stock market firms use tax havens, report finds

Between them, 33 of the 35 companies listed on Spain’s IBEX exchange had 449 subsidiaries in 17 tax havens in 2012

Stephen Burgen in Barcelona, Friday 30 May 2014 13.34 BST

Almost all of the 35 companies listed on the Spanish stock exchange use tax havens, according to a report from Observatorio RSC, an organisation that monitors corporate social responsibility.

The figures, based on company reports for 2012, show a 31.9% increase in the use of tax havens compared with 2010, with 33 firms (94%) using them. The favourite haven is the US state of Delaware, followed by the Netherlands, Luxembourg and Ireland. In total, the 33 companies have 449 subsidiaries in 17 tax havens. Read more of this post

Lessons from the world’s most successful people

Lessons from the world’s most successful people

MAY 29, 2014, 10:24 AM EDT

In 30 years at Fortune, I’ve interviewed CEOs and billionaires and other titans about what makes them succeed. Here are 10 things I’ve learned, plus wisdom from Warren Buffett.

The best career advice is universal. It applies to a CEO of aFortune 500 company and to a kid aspiring to make it through college.

I tried to keep this in mind last week when I spoke at Allentown Central Catholic High School, which in 1978 sent me on my way from Pennsylvania to what has turned out to be a thrilling and very satisfying life and career. I told the CCHS students, who packed Rockne Hall for inductions of their new Student Council and class officers, that I’ve spent the past 30 years at Fortune “going to school on success.” That is, my job profiling some of the world’s most successful people–from Oprah Winfrey to Yahoo  YHOO  CEOMarissa Mayer to Rupert Murdoch  NWS  to Melinda Gates–is to learn and explain what makes these extraordinary people win and adapt to all sorts of challenges. I pared my message to 10 pieces of advice, which include a few obvious truths and, I hope, some enlightening points that are universal. Read more of this post

Yangzijiang Shipbuilding’s controlling shareholder and executive chairman Ren Yuanlin has shot back at allegations of misdeeds levelled against him by a China-listed railway company, saying that these are “mischievous” and calcula


Allegations ‘mischievous’: Yangzijiang’s Ren

Claims of misdeeds meant to damage him, adds chairman




Yangzijiang Shipbuilding’s controlling shareholder and executive chairman Ren Yuanlin has shot back at allegations of misdeeds levelled against him by a China-listed railway company, saying that these are “mischievous” and calculated to damage him – PHOTO: YANGZIJIANG SHIPBUILDING

Sharp fall

[SINGAPORE] Yangzijiang Shipbuilding’s controlling shareholder and executive chairman Ren Yuanlin has shot back at allegations of misdeeds levelled against him by a China-listed railway company, saying that these are “mischievous” and calculated to damage him.

Yangzijiang disclosed yesterday that Mr Ren has personally reassured the firm of this, and said he took a serious view of the allegations by Tianjin Guoheng Railway Holding against him and his investment vehicle Taixing City Liyuan Investment (Liyuan Investment). Read more of this post

Moulding investigative analysts; It’s vital to have that sense of the ground: Credit Suisse boss


Moulding investigative analysts

It’s vital to have that sense of the ground: Credit Suisse boss



‘Instead of looking at quarterly numbers, (we should think about) what’s going to happen in the next three, five years . . . (to) tell clients something they don’t know.’
[SINGAPORE] It’s not every day that an analyst concedes that the bulk of financial research in existence is merely “noise”, with not much intrinsic value. But Stefano Natella, Credit Suisse’s head of equity research, is not your typical analyst.

With a penchant for existential questions – “I like that philosophical question (about) why research exists” – Mr Natella is keen to change the way clients view, seek out, and pay for financial analysis.

“I’m very candid (about this) – I don’t think there’s a lot of value in making comments on earnings. Or the value (expires) two minutes after it has been reported,” he tells The Business Times in an exclusive interview. Read more of this post

Reading becomes form of resistance in junta-ruled Thailand

Reading becomes form of resistance in junta-ruled Thailand

BANGKOK — In junta-ruled Thailand, the simple act of reading in public has become an act of resistance.


BANGKOK — In junta-ruled Thailand, the simple act of reading in public has become an act of resistance.

On Saturday evening in Bangkok, a week and a half after the army seized power in a coup, about a dozen people gathered in the middle of a busy, elevated walkway connecting several of the capital’s luxurious shopping malls.

As pedestrians trundled past, protesters sat down, pulled out books such as George Orwell’s Nineteen Eighty-Four, a novel about life in a totalitarian surveillance state, and began to read. Read more of this post

Modi-fying India

Modi-fying India

What does India’s new Prime Minister Narendra Modi have in store for the world?



What does India’s new Prime Minister Narendra Modi have in store for the world?

Is he the man to supply statesmanship and solve key international problems in Asia and beyond? Is his stewardship of India going to propel this vast land with an impoverished population to finally realise its true potential? Is he going to launch India to the next level in terms of economic prosperity and foreign influence to become an equal of China? Read more of this post

Adapting Swiss policies to needs of S’pore

Adapting Swiss policies to needs of S’pore

Monday, June 2, 2014 – 09:00

Gillian Koh

Yvonne Guo

The Straits Times

Switzerland has long served as a model for Singapore. In 1984, then Deputy Prime Minister Goh Chok Tong promised that Singaporeans would achieve a “Swiss standard of living” by 1999.

Indeed, the similarities between both countries have inspired Singapore to see Switzerland as a model of how to grow the economy and develop a world-class workforce. Read more of this post

Starwood Caters to Chinese Travelers; CEO Frits Van Paasschen Discusses Strategies to Meet the Shifting Demands of Chinese Travelers, Expansion Plans in Asia

Starwood Caters to Chinese Travelers

CEO Frits Van Paasschen Discusses Strategies to Meet the Shifting Demands of Chinese Travelers, Expansion Plans in Asia


June 1, 2014 2:30 p.m. ET

When Frits Van Paasschen launched a special hotline several years go for Chinese travelers to conveniently use Mandarin to make their bookings atStarwood Hotels & Resorts Worldwide Inc., HOT +0.66% there was one thing he didn’t think to add: English.

But as it turns out, Chinese travelers—the business ones in particular—frequently demand to speak English when they call the Chinese hotline, said Mr. Van Paasschen, Starwood’s chief executive. So the hotelier, which runs more than 1,000 hotel brands across the world including Westin and St. Regis, is adding more English speakers to its Chinese staff. Read more of this post

China Sees Citic Listing as Model for State-Firm Overhauls; Skeptics Cite Government’s Continued Control, Even After Hong Kong Listing

China Sees Citic Listing as Model for State-Firm Overhauls

Skeptics Cite Government’s Continued Control, Even After Hong Kong Listing


June 1, 2014 3:25 p.m. ET

China is poised this week to complete plans for one of the world’s biggest mergers of the year, a $37 billion deal that could be a blueprint for overhauling massive, inefficient state-owned enterprises.

Beijing is using Citic Group, a conglomerate created under Deng Xiaoping as China’s first capitalist enterprise, to change the way the country’s biggest state-owned companies, known as SOEs, are controlled by investors. The merger will essentially list Citic Group’s assets in Hong Kong, where they will be subject to tougher rules and disclosure requirements than they face in mainland China. Read more of this post

Just Babies: The Origins of Good and Evil

Just Babies: The Origins of Good and Evil

May 28, 2014 by Shane Parrish

“Children are sensitive to inequality, then, but it seems to upset them only when they themselves are the ones getting less.”

Morality fascinates us. The stories we enjoy the most, whether fictional (as in novels, television shows, and movies) or real (as in journalism and historical accounts), are tales of good and evil. We want the good guys to be rewarded— and we really want to see the bad guys suffer.

So writes Paul Bloom in the first pages of Just Babies: The Origins of Good and Evil. His work, proposes that “certain moral foundations are not acquired through learning. They do not come from the mother’s knee … ”

What is morality?

Even philosophers don’t agree on morality. In fact, a lot of people don’t believe in morality at all. Read more of this post

Beauty ≠ truth: Scientists prize elegant theories, but a taste for simplicity is a treacherous guide. And it doesn’t even look good

Beauty ≠ truth

Scientists prize elegant theories, but a taste for simplicity is a treacherous guide. And it doesn’t even look good

by Philip Ball 3,000 words

Theoretically beautiful; geometrically pruned trees, Leer, Germany. Photo by Karl Johaentges/Getty

Philip Ball is a British science writer, whose work appears in Nature,New Scientist andProspect, among others. His latest book is Serving the Reich: The Struggle for the Soul of Physics Under Hitler (2013).

Albert Einstein’s theory of general relativity is a century old next year and, as far as the test of time is concerned, it seems to have done rather well. For many, indeed, it doesn’t merely hold up: it is the archetype for what a scientific theory should look like. Einstein’s achievement was to explain gravity as a geometric phenomenon: a force that results from the distortion of space-time by matter and energy, compelling objects – and light itself – to move along particular paths, very much as rivers are constrained by the topography of their landscape. General relativity departs from classical Newtonian mechanics and from ordinary intuition alike, but its predictions have been verified countless times. In short, it is the business.

Einstein himself seemed rather indifferent to the experimental tests, however. The first came in 1919, when the British physicist Arthur Eddington observed the Sun’s gravity bending starlight during a solar eclipse. What if those results hadn’t agreed with the theory? (Some accuse Eddington of cherry-picking the figures anyway, but that’s another story.) ‘Then,’ said Einstein, ‘I would have been sorry for the dear Lord, for the theory is correct.’ Read more of this post

The Skills of Leonardo Da Vinci

The Skills of Leonardo Da Vinci

May 26, 2014 by Shane Parrish

Italian polymath Leonardo da Vinci sought a job at the court of Ludovico Sforza, then the ruler of Milan. Leonardo’s application letter, found in the amazing Letters of Note, included a ten-point list of his abilities. Keep in mind that Sforza was looking for military engineers.

My Most Illustrious Lord, Read more of this post

In China, managers are the new labor activists

In China, managers are the new labor activists

Sat, May 31 2014

By Alexandra Harney and John Ruwitch

SHANGHAI (Reuters) – Behind China’s biggest strike in decades last month was a new player in Chinese labor activism: management.

A previously unpublished account from inside the strike at Taiwanese shoe manufacturer Yue Yuen obtained by Reuters shows that supervisors were the first to challenge senior plant leaders about the social insurance contributions that became the focus of the dispute. Yue Yuen Industrial Holdings declined to comment. Read more of this post

The Surge in Investing by Conscience: Investment funds that take into account environmental, social and corporate governance criteria have experienced explosive growth in the last five years

The Surge in Investing by Conscience


Financial risk and return may be the main focus of most investments. But strategies with an explicit social component are growing rapidly, according to the most current data from the industry association that supports and tracks this field: US SIF — the Forum for Sustainable and Responsible Investment.


Investment funds incorporating environmental, social and corporate governance criteria in their decisions had net assets of $1 trillion in 2012, up from $202 billion in 2007, according to US SIF. That was the value of such investments in mutual funds, annuity funds, closed-end funds, exchange-traded funds, alternative investment funds and other pooled products. Read more of this post

%d bloggers like this: