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Realizing the American Apparel Chief Isn’t Wearing Any Clothes; Dov Charney’s dismissal raises all sorts of thorny corporate-governance questions for investors and boards about iconic – and notorious – leaders, esp in creative fields

Realizing the American Apparel Chief Isn’t Wearing Any Clothes

By ANDREW ROSS SORKIN

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JUNE 23, 2014 9:06 PM Comment

Ann Johansson for The New York TimesDov Charney at American Apparel’s Los Angeles headquarters in 2011. He was removed as chief executive last week by the company’s board.

American Apparel Founder Fights to Get His Job Back

Dov Charney is completely naked. He is dancing in what looks like an office or studio, talking on his cellphone while he jams to “This Must Be the Place” by Talking Heads. Two women are there with him, possibly employees.

“I’m dancing right now for Daisy,” Mr. Charney, still the chief executive of American Apparel at the time, announces, glancing at one of the women. The other woman records the entire scene on a mobile phone, and asks him to “shake your booty.”

Before the video cuts out, Mr. Charney looks at the camera and says: “Stop it. You’re going to get me in trouble.”

Well, it is a little late for that now.

Mr. Charney, who founded American Apparel, once an upstart darling retailer, was ousted last week by the company’s board. He long lived under the shadow of speculation about inappropriate behavior with female employees and, in some cases, accusations of sexual harassment and assault that he always denied. He championed American Apparel through sexually suggestive advertising that became, in large part, the company’s brand.

Mr. Charney’s dismissal raises all sorts of thorny corporate-governance questions for investors and boards about iconic — and notorious — leaders, especially in creative fields. Corporate America is filled with examples of chief executives and founders who stepped down after proof, or even suggestions, of impropriety. Some are fired quickly when investors and boards are alerted. But others, like Mr. Charney, are allowed to linger in their roles for years.

“Of course they knew — if they didn’t know, their heads were in the sand,” said Nell Minow, a founder of the governance advisory firm GMI Ratings. “The problem is the board is so invested in their pal, their hero, that it’s very hard to get them to look him in the eye and say, ‘You have to go.’ ”

There has been a spate of resignations and firings over the last couple of years related to misbehavior or inappropriate comments.Lululemon Athletica’s founder, Dennis J. Wilson, resigned as its chiefafter he was widely criticized by female customers for saying, “Quite frankly, some women’s bodies just actually don’t work” for wearing his company’s yoga pants. Mr. Wilson, who remains on Lululemon’s board of directors, is now considering a bid for the entire company.

Abercrombie & Fitch’s chief executive, Michael S. Jeffries, lost his chairman title after drawing criticism for a series of bizarre comments, as when he once said: “Candidly, we go after the cool kids. We go after the attractive all-American kid with a great attitude and a lot of friends. A lot of people don’t belong.”

Gary Friedman, the chairman and co-chief executive of Restoration Hardware, was fired after accusations were made about an inappropriate but consensual relationship with an employee. He briefly became a consultant to the company ahead of its initial public offering only to return to his old positions within a year.

You don’t need the 20/20 vision of hindsight to have known Mr. Charney was a ticking time bomb. He was repeatedly sued by employees and former employees, and the board was well aware of the cases. The not-safe-for-work video in which he dances in the buff, and other photos, litter the Internet and can be found with a quick Google search.

In one case in California Superior Court, a potential employee, Kimbra Lo, filed a lawsuit contending that when she went for a job interview with Mr. Charney, he was “wearing only a towel” and later attacked her and “forced her to perform various sexual acts.” Mr. Charney denies it.

Often, as now appears to be the case with Mr. Charney, a board becomes so convinced that the company is wrapped up in a founder’s personal image that it is slow to replace the chief when necessary. It fears that the firing will upend the company’s image or culture and cause other key employees to leave out of loyalty.

“There is a danger that the founder becomes too identified with the brand,” said Charles M. Elson, a professor of governance at theUniversity of Delaware.

In Mr. Charney’s case, his control of 27 percent of the company may have made it even harder for the board to oust him. “If you get him angry, it is relatively easy for him to make sure you don’t come back,” Mr. Elson said. “It is a credible threat.”

The situation changes when the image of the brand becomes tarnished and it starts to cost shareholders money. American Apparel’s board members felt they could finally rid themselves of the founder, people close to the company said, because the company’s performance turned for the worse. The company had lost money repeatedly for the last four years, totaling about $270 million in red ink, and same-store sales were dropping precipitously as well, about 7 percent in the most recent quarter.

Observers cheered Mr. Charney’s dismissal almost immediately.

“We believe investors will generally view this news positively, given perceived prior mismanagement and the potential for reduced future headline risk,” Roth Capital Partners wrote in an analyst report to its clients.

Most investors, of course, seemed to always know about Mr. Charney’s bad behavior. Eric Beder, an analyst at Brean Capital, wrote in a note to investors, matter-of-factly: “We expect the sordid details to become apparent in the near term.”

Apparently, the final straw for the board was news that Mr. Charney had knowingly failed to stop the online publication of naked pictures of a former employee who had accused him of sexually harassing her.

Mr. Charney is, as you might imagine, trying to fight his dismissal, suing the company in hopes of getting his job back.

“We question the legitimacy and thoroughness of any investigation that did not involve any discussion whatsoever with Mr. Charney,” his lawyer wrote, contending that the accusations “involve activities that occurred long ago (if at all) and about which the board and the company have had knowledge for years.”

Which is exactly why he should have been gone long ago, face of the brand or not.

 

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About bambooinnovator
Kee Koon Boon (“KB”) is the co-founder and director of HERO Investment Management which provides specialized fund management and investment advisory services to the ARCHEA Asia HERO Innovators Fund (www.heroinnovator.com), the only Asian SMID-cap tech-focused fund in the industry. KB is an internationally featured investor rooted in the principles of value investing for over a decade as a fund manager and analyst in the Asian capital markets who started his career at a boutique hedge fund in Singapore where he was with the firm since 2002 and was also part of the core investment committee in significantly outperforming the index in the 10-year-plus-old flagship Asian fund. He was also the portfolio manager for Asia-Pacific equities at Korea’s largest mutual fund company. Prior to setting up the H.E.R.O. Innovators Fund, KB was the Chief Investment Officer & CEO of a Singapore Registered Fund Management Company (RFMC) where he is responsible for listed Asian equity investments. KB had taught accounting at the Singapore Management University (SMU) as a faculty member and also pioneered the 15-week course on Accounting Fraud in Asia as an official module at SMU. KB remains grateful and honored to be invited by Singapore’s financial regulator Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS) to present to their top management team about implementing a world’s first fact-based forward-looking fraud detection framework to bring about benefits for the capital markets in Singapore and for the public and investment community. KB also served the community in sharing his insights in writing articles about value investing and corporate governance in the media that include Business Times, Straits Times, Jakarta Post, Manual of Ideas, Investopedia, TedXWallStreet. He had also presented in top investment, banking and finance conferences in America, Italy, Sydney, Cape Town, HK, China. He has trained CEOs, entrepreneurs, CFOs, management executives in business strategy & business model innovation in Singapore, HK and China.

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