Infographic: The Literal Meaning Of Every State Name In The U.S.

Infographic: The Literal Meaning Of Every State Name In The U.S.

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WASHINGTON TRANSLATES TO “MARSH FARM LAND, MISSOURI TO “LAND OF THE PEOPLE WITH DUGOUT CANOES.” WHAT DOES YOUR STATE OR CITY NAME MEAN? YOU MAY NOT WANT TO KNOW.

The New Navel of the Moon. It’s so poetic, isn’t it? (And sure, maybe a bit anatomically confusing.) That’s the real meaning behind the state name New Mexico, and it’s one of many etymological gems uncovered by cartographers Stephan Hormes and Silke Peust while they were creating this U.S. map depicting the original, literal meanings behind the states and cities we know today. “The inspiration was my interest in etymology and my profession as a cartographer,” Hormes tells Co.Design. “I started to exchange real names for rue names and the world became a strange romantic continent. It’s obvious to me that after five years of changing names on maps, I must do it. No map is safe.” Of course, most state names aren’t nearly as gorgeous as New Mexico’s moon navel. For every Idaho “Light on the Mountains,” there is a Missouri “Land of the People with Dugout Canoes.” Many states, of course, simply describe geography, which works out well for Mississippi “Land of the Great River” but a bit less elegantly for Washington “Marsh Farm Land.” I ask Hormes if there was a single discovery that was most shocking. “I found some funny stuff like ‘Astrakhan’ in the Wolga delta which means ‘Tax haven for pilgrims,’” he explains. “Once we made a funny map of peculiar place names in German. Place names like ‘Fucking’ or ‘Cats Brain’ changed even my selective perception.” At the U.S. city level, it’s fascinating to see just how many names have gone unchanged. Green Bay. Cedar Rapids. Oakland. Little Rock. They’re all modern names that, when you take a second look, have an old-world appeal. I just wish I could say the same for my hometown of Chicago, which didn’t age so gracefully. It translates to “stink onions.”

America’s lost revolutionary; The question of what – or who – is left out of historical accounts is often as interesting as what is included; “conservatives” elite were determined to protect their privileges against others

June 28, 2013 7:27 pm

America’s lost revolutionary

By Gillian Tett

The question of what – or who – is left out of historical accounts is often as interesting as what is included

Afew years ago David Lefer, a high school and college history teacher in Brooklyn, was asked by a student for a good book on John Dickinson, an 18th-century American Revolutionary political figure who hailed from Philadelphia.

Lefer duly scoured the libraries and discovered a striking fact: although America’s academic world is brimming with accounts of the Founding Fathers, there was almost nothing at all written on Dickinson. That struck Lefer as odd. Dickinson was important in that 18th-century independence movement, since he (in)famously penned the tracts known as Letters from a Farmer in Pennsylvania, which eloquently defended the idea of liberty and freedom. Read more of this post

Big companies don’t have to lose their souls; How to grow your business without crushing creativity

Big companies don’t have to lose their souls

June 28, 2013: 9:24 AM ET

How to grow your business without crushing creativity.

By Joris Luijke

(TheMIX) — Remember working for that start-up? Things were good. You responded quickly to change. You could, and often did, roll out new programs within weeks or days. Your boss approved quick changes with a simple nod. And you got results — fast. Then you moved to an important role at a big enterprise. Things were different — slower, costlier, stuck in red tape, less tangible, less experimental. That’s because big organizations are complex. And when we are accosted by complexity, we get anxious. We need certainty and coordination — in the form of structures, policies, responsibilities, and rules — to push that fear away. We can’t change our fear of complexity, nor our desire for control. So, what can we do to keep our organizations agile — even as they grow? How can we ensure that innovation doesn’t get crushed? Read more of this post

What Makes Some Children More Resilient?

June 28, 2013, 6:10 p.m. ET

What Makes Some Children More Resilient?

ALISON GOPNIK

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The facts are grimly familiar: 20% of American children grow up in poverty, a number that has increased over the past decade. Many of those children also grow up in social isolation or chaos. This has predictably terrible effects on their development.

There is a moral mystery about why we allow this to happen in one of the richest societies in history. But there is also a scientific mystery. It’s obvious why deprivation hurts development. The mystery is why some deprived children seem to do so much better than others. Is it something about their individual temperament or their particular environment? Read more of this post

Melatonin: A ‘Magic’ Sleeping Pill for Children? Pediatricians worry as parents increasingly use melatonin to deal with nighttime restlessness

June 28, 2013, 6:23 p.m. ET

Melatonin: A ‘Magic’ Sleeping Pill for Children?

Pediatricians worry as parents increasingly use melatonin to deal with nighttime restlessness

JENNIFER BREHENY WALLACE

My son, who had always been a champion sleeper, was hit with insomnia the fall of his kindergarten year. A new school, a more rigorous academic schedule and the challenge of making new friends kept him up long after I had fallen asleep. He woke up exhausted and arrived home from school sullen and withdrawn. Over the next few months we tried everything to get him to sleep—no TV, warm baths, massage, warm milk.

Our pediatrician finally suggested that I give my son a melatonin supplement to help reset his sleep cycle. Try it for seven days, he said, but it may take longer. That night, with just 1 milligram of melatonin, my son fell asleep within 20 minutes—and woke up the next morning well rested, at last. It worked just as well the second night. Read more of this post

Japanese Toilet Maker Lixil Buys 138-Year-Old Brand American Standard for $342 Million including $200 Million Debt

Updated June 28, 2013, 7:09 p.m. ET

Japanese Toilet Maker Lixil Buys American Standard

Lixil Gains Well-Known Brand as It Looks to Capitalize on U.S. Housing Market

JAMES R. HAGERTY

Though Japan’s economic might has faded, the country continues to enhance its status as a powerhouse in one realm: toilets.

Japan’s Lixil Corp. said on Friday it agreed to pay about $342 million for American Standard Brands, a 138-year-old U.S. maker of toilets and bathroom and kitchen fixtures. The purchase from Sun Capital Partners Inc., Boca Raton, Fla., includes the assumption of $200 million of debt. Read more of this post

Markets Brace for Post-Fed World; Air Goes Out of Emerging Stocks

June 28, 2013, 7:43 p.m. ET

Markets Brace for Post-Fed World

Despite Best Yearly Start Since 1999, Investors Spooked by Central Bank’s Signals See Turbulence Ahead

E.S. BROWNING

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The U.S. stock market had its best start to a year since 1999, but by Friday—the halfway mark of 2013—investors had ditched their party hats and braced for the Federal Reserve to cut back on policies that helped send stocks soaring this year.

The Dow Jones Industrial Average ended the first six months of the year up 14%, but all the gains came in the first five months. The Dow fell 1.4% in June, including a 114.89 point, or 0.76%, drop on Friday to 14909.60. Read more of this post

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